Game Design Patterns for Collaborative Player Interactions

Reuter Christian Wendel Viktor Göbel Stefan Steinmetz Ralf
2014 DiGRA '14 - Proceedings of the 2014 DiGRA International Conference

Collaborative (or cooperative) games became very popular over the recent years. Aside from being received well by players, great collaborative games also offer the potential to train their players’ ability to work in teams. However, some other games include additional players without adapting their design appropriately, which may lead to games where the players hardly interact with each other and with little to none benefit when another player is present. This paper aims to improve this situation by introducing game design patterns for collaborative player interactions. Being extracted from well-received games, these patterns can be used as guidance for collaborative game designs fostering interaction between players. The interactions are classified along several dimensions (e.g. spatial and temporal) and can therefore be easily selected for specific situations. An example game design where some of these patterns were applied is also described.


Cognitive Callisthenics: Do FPS computer games enhance the player’s cognitive abilities?

Kearney Paul R.
2005 DiGRA '05 - Proceedings of the 2005 DiGRA International Conference: Changing Views: Worlds in Play

This document details an initial study into cognitive abilities that may be enhanced from playing computer games. Using a neuro-psychological assessment software package titled SynWin, participants were tested for their ability to function in a synthetic work environment. Scores were recorded and after playing computer games for specified lengths of time, the participants were tested again. The computer game employed was Counter Strike. This game is categorised as a first-person shooter (FPS), and is a multiplayer networked game. Differences between this game and other first-person shooters such as Quake III include the realism that Counter Strike achieves and the immersive qualities that surround that player. Different experiments were completed; group one, the control group, where the participants were tested three times without playing computer games between tests and group two where they were only tested twice, but played Counter Strike for two hours before the second test. This group showed a statistically significant improvement in their multitasking abilities. In summary, this study indicates that certain types of computer games can improve cognitive functions, and suggests further research to ascertain if these abilities are retained and what other skills can be enhanced by games similar to Counter Strike.


The EverQuest Speech Community

Tosca Susana
2002 Computer Games and Digital Cultures Conference Proceedings

This paper analyses the EverQuest speech community from a pragmatic point of view, in order to find out how multiplayer games speech communities can be characterized. This study is part of the currently ongoing collective project "Have great faction with the dragons - an EverQuest Study" at the IT University in Copenhagen, of which also Jesper Juul's "The open and the closed: Games of emergence and games of progression" and Lisbeth Klastrup's "Interaction forms and tellable events in EverQuest" are a part.


Press Enter or Escape to Play – Deconstructing Escapism in Multiplayer Gaming

Warmelink Harald Harteveld Casper Mayer Igor
2009 DiGRA '09 - Proceedings of the 2009 DiGRA International Conference: Breaking New Ground: Innovation in Games, Play, Practice and Theory

The term escapism tends to be used in game research without providing any extensive definition of what it means or acknowledging its composite nature. In this paper, the authors question the possible conceptualizations of escapism and the extent to which gamers identify with them. Beginning with a theoretical deconstruction of escapism, the authors developed a framework that they applied in an empirical study with three focus groups. Respondents in these groups completed a survey and participated in a group discussion. The resulting data allowed the identification of eight different discourses of escapism in the context of playing multiplayer computer games. In addition, the study showed that citing escapism as a reason for playing games elicits debate and emotional responses. Given the existence of multiple interpretations and connotations, this paper concludes that escapism is problematic for use in surveys, interviews, and other research techniques.


Creating Multiplayer Ubiquitous Games using an adaptive narration model based on a user’s model

Natkin Stéphane Yan Chen Jumpertz Sylvie Marquet Bernard
2007 DiGRA '07 - Proceedings of the 2007 DiGRA International Conference: Situated Play

Mixed reality technology and ubiquitous computing allow the user-centred design to provide an adaptable and personal content at any time and in any context. In this paper, we present a method to develop Multiplayer Ubiquitous Games (MUG). Our approach is using a narrative mechanism correlated to a user's model, which stimulates the user's physical interaction with the real world and his social interaction with other users. We refine the information of user's model in three classes: user by himself, user as a player and user as an avatar. User's social characteristics and personality traits are featured in the game by using the big-five-factors model. A decision process proposes quests to the player according to his profile and a narration scheme.


WADs, Bots and Mods: Multiplayer FPS Games as Co-creative Media

Morris Sue
2003 DiGRA '03 - Proceedings of the 2003 DiGRA International Conference: Level Up

This paper will focus on the inter-relationships between media, technology and culture as demonstrated by the online multiplayer FPS scene, and will make explicit the degree to which game texts and associated technology facilitate culture and the formation of community, and how in turn such social structures inflect and determine the development of computer games, related Internet technologies and subsequent models for software development and distribution. Beyond the idea of “participatory media”, I argue that multiplayer FPS games have become “co-creative media”; neither developers nor players can be solely responsible for production of the final assemblage regarded as “the game”, it requires the input of both.


Playing in the Sandbox: Developing games for children with disabilities

Kearney Paul R.
2005 DiGRA '05 - Proceedings of the 2005 DiGRA International Conference: Changing Views: Worlds in Play

Many researchers believe that special games are needed for people with special needs. However, this study highlights some of the issues surrounding computer games and disabled children by conducting interviews to ask them what games they would like to play. Interestingly, they wanted to play the same games that everyone else did. What they do need is a way of interacting with these games, especially those on Xbox and Playstation consoles, which require two very dexterous hands to control. This paper is the start of an ongoing project to investigate input devices for disabled people, to allow them to interact with other players through playing commercial multiplayer games. The study also considers the issues of using computer games to test the abilities of disabled people in an attempt to integrate them into mainstream society.


How Multiplayer Games Create New Media Politics

Konzack Lars Lindof Thessa
2005 DiGRA '05 - Proceedings of the 2005 DiGRA International Conference: Changing Views: Worlds in Play

In this article we will propose a framework for massive multiplayer games, giving the players a raise of consciousness in understanding politics and society. We will set a mass media politics up against a new media politics as it emerges from the use of massive multiplayer games. We will start with a definition of mass media and new media, at the same time explaining the differences between the two. Afterwards we will give a definition of serious games. We finish the article with examples of games, which can give raise to counsciousness about political and societal problems and possibilities.


Online Gaming as a Virtual Forum

Payne Matthew
2005 DiGRA '05 - Proceedings of the 2005 DiGRA International Conference: Changing Views: Worlds in Play

As videogame scholarship takes hold in the academy, attracting the attention of researchers and critics from a variety of disciplines, a frequently asked and salient question is, “What existing theoretical frameworks are appropriate for this nascent field?” This short essay argues that Horace Newcomb and Paul Hirsch’s article, “Television as a Cultural Forum,” provides a useful starting point for conceptualizing the social meaningfulness of online, multiplayer gaming. Skins, mods, fan sites, and in-game communication channels emerge as a cultural network by which players can speak through, and about, their communal play.